Demand for water in Qatar is predicted to increase by more than 50 per cent in the run up to the 2022 FIFA World Cup.
The current daily consumption is around 308 million imperial gallons per day (MIGD), which is one of the highest rates per person in the entire world. However, this is expected to rise to 482 MIGD, which includes an additional demand of 32MIGD for the three months around the tournament. This is a forecast increase of 56.5 per cent, and is equivalent to 430 litres per capita per day.
While the demand for water is expected to peak during the FIFA World Cup, it is predicted to slow down after the tournament has taken place. The Qatar General Electricity and Water Corporation (Kahramaa) has confirmed that it is developing water facilities to cope with the increased demand, as well as serving increased consumption in the years to come. For example, Kahramaa is currently carrying out a number of projects including development of water supply networks along the Salwa Road, including Mekaines, Umm Al Zubar, Wadi Lejmal, Al Karaana, Umm Hawta and Al Aamriya. The total water networks included in those projects is more than 200km with a reservoir pump station at Mukaines, which is expected to be commissioned in the next three years.
Another immediate goal is to reduce water loss in the distribution network and establish smart-grid systems.