According to The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), comprising 34 developed countries ‘migration for family reasons accounted for more than one-third of all permanent entries in the countries of the OECD in 2013.”
France issued 18 000 RP’s in 2013. destined to salaried people. For the same year and in the same country, the Organization also notes a decrease of naturalization after marriage (-22%).
Germany today one of the ‘major countries of immigration’ is followed by the United States and France in sixth position after having long been one of the top three ‘countries of destinations’, said the report.
Britain experienced one of the largest increases in migration flows last year out of a group of more than 30 developed countries and migration to the UK rose by 108,000 in 2014 to 558,000, a 24 per cent rise year-on-year.
Applications for asylum are in constant increase since 2010, and their number will continue to increase in 2015, warns the OECD. In Europe, Germany, managing the largest number of applications with Sweden and Italy are already handling nearly 305,800 claims according to Eurostat, the European Statistics Agency. The OECD report said Europe will probably record more than one million asylum applications in 2015.
With regards to France, the Algerians represent one of the largest immigrant community according to the latest figures of the OECD report entitled “International migration 2015 Perspective” and published on Tuesday 17 September. For instance, individuals from Algeria and present on the French territory in January 2011 numbered 740,000 as the most important group followed by the Moroccans at 680,000 and the Portuguese at 590,000. The study reveals also that an immigrant population of 5.6 million people, the majority comes from African countries account for 2.4 million, 2.1 million from European countries and the rest from Asian countries. A chart prposed by the OECD is below for a further comparative study of country by country.
Migration into the OECD countries
Germany is consolidating its position as one of the main immigration countries, now second only to the United States in the number of migrants it receives. Overall, in 2013 the European Union (EU) received as many permanent migrants from outside the EU as the United States did from all countries. One in ten new immigrants to the OECD is Chinese and 4.4% are from India. Romania and Poland rank second and third, with 5.5% and 5.3% of overall inflows to OECD countries. In 2014, the number of new asylum seekers in OECD countries rose by 46%, exceeding 800 000 for the first time since the beginning of the 1990s, the second highest level in 35 years. Preliminary data suggest that 2015 will also reach a historical high. The top destination countries are Germany, the United States, Turkey, Sweden and Italy. France is now sixth, down from its longstanding position among the top three destination countries.
A number of OECD countries have fundamentally revised their migration legislation in the past few years, responding to evolving patterns of migration and to the changing political environment. Most changes tend towards restrictions: (i) skilled workers are still wanted, but countries are picking them more selectively; (ii) investors and entrepreneurs are sought after, but are increasingly scrutinised; (iii) some family immigration procedures are being eased, but the general trend is still towards restriction; (iv) new measures have been adopted in response to the humanitarian crisis in the Mediterranean region; and (v) actions to strengthen border controls, encourage voluntary returns and fight against illegal employment of foreign workers have been implemented.
And the full book is on : 10.1787/migr_outlook-2015-en