COP 21 documentation of the Global Deal

Negotiators were divided, a couple of days off the closing of the COP21; that in any case must be completed by the end of the current week.  It is the COP 21 Global Deal vs Global Warming, that should be paving the way for a reduction of at least 2°C of the global warming.

Progress was there, but a lot of work remains.  On Wednesday 9 December at 3:00 pm, a new version of the draft agreement was produced and presented to all present.  According to L. Fabius, the French minister of foreign affairs, this text presents “some mapping progress and points of convergence that remain to be built.”

The document adopted Saturday was of 48 pages, but the final one got reduced to 27 pages, today, but with three-quarters of it being between brackets, for those pending decision items that are simply removed.  Compromises have been arrived at, according to L. Fabius with respect to the strengthening of adaptation to the impacts of climate change and on loss and damage issues or on transparency of monitoring of any climate change prevention actions.  The negotiators have still to grapple with issues of differentiation of efforts between wealthy and less wealthy countries, together with that of financing the struggle against climate change.

For instance, in the draft agreement’s Article No. 2, that sets the limit of global warming that should not exceed a certain degree Celsius, 3 options remain to settle.  These are :

  1. Keep global warming below 2°C
  2. Limit any increase to 1.5°C
  3. Take it below 1.5°C.

The determination of this threshold divided all 195 countries representatives.  Countries most vulnerable to climate change, and major emitters such as Australia and Canada, argue in favour of a 1.5°C limit.

We made good progress but there is still a lot of work “prior” to an agreement that is legally binding, ambitious, balanced and sustainable”, said the president of the COP 21 as quoted by Le Monde.

He invited the participants to start without delay their consultations, before a meeting around 8:pm of the Paris Committee, a counsel set up by the French Presidency to assess the daily progress of discussions, saying : “We must prepare ourselves to move forward tonight and tomorrow for the adoption of an agreement within the deadlines”, he concluded.